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Modularization

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Title
Waste Resources Management and Utilization Policies of Korea
Author
KDI School
Date
2016. 12.
List of Chapters

Summary


Chapter 1

Introduction


Chapter 2

Waste Resources Management in Korea and Paradigm Shifts

1. Concept and Classification of Wastes

2. Current State of Waste Generation, Treatment in Korea and Changes in Trends

2.1. Current State of Waste Generation

2.2. Current State of Waste Treatment

3. Paradigm Shift in Waste Resources Management in Korea

3.1. Before 1990’s

3.2. 1990’s

3.3. After 2000

3.4. Present


Chapter 3

Major Systems of Waste Resource Management in Korea

1. Major Systems of Waste Management in Korea

1.1. Discharger Responsibility System

1.2. Producer Responsibility System

1.3. Type-Based Waste Management System

1.4. System Certification of Lawful Treatment of Wastes (Allbaro System)

2. Measures for Managing Conflicts in Areas Surrounding Waste Treatment Facilities

2.1. Reasons for Conflict

2.2. Measures to Respond to Conflicts


Chapter 4

Outcomes of Korea's Waste Management Policies and Comparison with Foreign Countries

1. Comparison with Foreign Waste Management Policies

1.1. Comparison Between Systems of Legislations

1.2. Comparison of “Waste Treatment Legislations” and “Recycling Legislations” Systems

1.3. Structure of the “Waste Reuse” Legislation System

1.4. Comparison of Whether a “Framework Act on Resource Circulation” Exists

1.5. Other Systems of Laws

1.6. Comprehensive Analysis

1.7. Comparison of Current State of Waste Generation and Treatment in Korea and Foreign Countries


2. Achievements and Limitations of Korea’s Waste Management Policies

2.1. Achievements and Limitations of the Volume-Rate Disposal System

2.2. Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

Policy Proposal for National Solid Waste Management

1. Basic Direction

2. Policy Proposal for each Phases

2.1. Stable and Sanitary Waste Treatment Phase

2.2. Waste Reduction and Recycle Phase

2.3. Resource Circulation Phase


Chapter 5

Policy Proposal for National Solid Waste Management

1. Basic Direction

2. Policy Proposal for each Phases

2.1. Stable and Sanitary Waste Treatment Phase

2.2. Waste Reduction and Recycle Phase

2.3. Resource Circulation Phase


Chapter 6

Conclusion

Summary
  The purpose of this research is to arrange and introduce Korea’s waste management policies in order to modularize Korean knowledge and experience in this field, thereby establishing customized knowledge content that may be used as basic materials in Knowledge Sharing Projects for developing countries and other cooperative projects for development. In this chapter, an overall introduction is made on this research, including its background, purpose, and the method of implementation.
  First, Korea’s resource management and policies are introduced to developing countries. To enable developing countries to behold Korea’s waste policies thus far in a single glance, overall policy paradigm shifts are introduced, centered on related legislation and policies. Next, Korea’s waste management systems are distinguished into the discharger fee system, producer fee system, systems for each type of wastes, and the system of certification for the lawful treatment of wastes, whereupon the background surrounding their introduction and enactment will be introduced in specific terms. Furthermore, the causes of conflicts surrounding the selection of sites for waste treatment facilities, which developing countries are interested in understanding, will be analyzed, and the resolutions thereof will be explained through perspectives on cases in Korea.
  Second, Korea’s waste management and utilization policies will be compared with other advanced countries such as Europe, Japan, and the USA to find the present status of Korean policies. Also the outcomes and limits of the Volume-Rate Waste Disposal System and Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) are introduced as representative Korean polices. 
  Finally, policy proposals for developing countries will be made, distinguished into waste treatment, waste reduction and recycling, and the resource circulation phase. These will be established into a body of waste-related knowledge content for developing countries so as to allow them to benchmark their own Integrated Solid Waste Management systems. 

Copyright

Copyright © 2012 Knowledge Sharing Program. All rights reserved.

Ministry of Strategy and Finance, Government Complex, 477, Galmae-ro, Sejong-si, 339-012, Korea